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Catalpa’s substantial body of documents covers the concepts, tools, PBI school reports, history (including connections to English School Inspection) of Practice-Based Inquiry®. This all adds up to what makes a professional school visit professional: what makes a visit a rigorous research exercise.

Rigor of the visit as a research exercise is not considered in designing most American school visit protocols, including those carried out by school accreditation agencies. Overcoming management hurdles and efficiency have been the major criteria for American visits.

Practice-Based Inquiry® visits change that. When a Practice-Based Inquiry® visit is designed, management challenges and efficiency are certainly considered but impact of a visit practice on the rigor of the visit is at the center. School visits can succeed as a new and much better tool for American school accountability, but only if rigor is ratcheted up. School people are smart. They will accept conclusions and recommendations if the know they have a good chance of being right because they know the visit is conducted with rigor. It is rigorous conclusions about the practice of teaching and learning that spurn better teaching and learning, not jargon filled pap tied to some outside conceptual scheme.

This library of resources is organized into several sections. Click on the heading to go to that section.

How to use Catalpa Resources

Introduction to PBI

Visit Theory and History

Handbooks and Guides

Implications for School Reform and Research

Articles & Essays

Other Resources

Catalpa provides you with a number of ways to take advantage of these resources depending on your interest and purpose. Click on the heading to check these out.

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Engage Consulting Services

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"An idea is better than no idea. …That's the way science works. An idea can be tested, whereas if you have no idea, nothing can be tested and you don't understand anything."

---- James D. Watson , Biologist